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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

Birch
Betula

Description:
It is very well-suited for planting along steam banks where it is native and in other areas which are inundated for weeks. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil but needs moist conditions. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic.  Bark in the shade may not generate the light color that is considered so attractive.

Birch pollen causes significant allergy in some people but pollen is produced for only a short period and in small amounts.  Plants serve as hosts for butterfly larvae.

 

Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch, Asian Birch, White Birch, Weeping Birch, Paper Birch, Canoe Birch
Botanical Name: Betula
Type: Deciduous Tree
Form: Oval, pyramidal and upright or erect, or weeping
Soil Preference: This plant can tolerate some drought and flooding conditions.  It will also grow in wet to submerged soils but prefers well-drained soil with a pH on the acidic side.
Growth Rate: Fast
Light Requirements: Full Sun to partial shade
Attributes: Attracts birds, attracts butterflies, plants serve as hosts for butterfly larvae.  Some varieties are pest resistant.
Pests: Birch Borer, Leaf Miner, Lacebug, Japanese Beetles, Asian Long-Horned Beetle.  (Some varieties are resistant to some of the pests listed, see below)
Diseases: Leaf spots, Chlorosis
Care: Fertilize with Holly-tone as recommended.

Planting Instructions: Trees & Shrubs
Water & Fertilizer Schedule

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size


Betula nigra
River Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, Black Birch
Zones 3b-9a
 
Description: Irregular, spreading form with slightly weeping branches at maturity.  Glossy green leaves and yellow fall color. Foliage casts a light shade.  Bark is shaggy and peely.  Will tolerate moist soils.  Resistant to bronze birch borer, leaf miners and Japanese Beetles!
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; Yellow fall color
Height: 30-50'
Spread: 25-30'


Click on image to view larger size


Betula nigra 'Heritage'
Red Birch, Black Birch, Water Birch
Zones 3b-9a
 
Description:  The Heritage Birch is characterized by it's beautiful tan bark, borer resistance and fast growth rate.  Was chosen as a 1990 Gold Medal Plant by the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society for being a plant of exceptional merit.  Also known as 'Cully'.
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 25-50'
Spread: 25-35'


Click on image to view larger size


Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash'
Red Birch, Black Birch, Water Birch
Zones 3b-8
 
Description:  New exciting variegated form of river birch!  Leaves have ivory white margins and deep green center.  Slightly slower growing than the species.  Does develop the same attractive peeling bark with age.
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Variegated; yellow fall color
Height: 20-30'
Spread: 10-15'

 on image to view larger size


Betula papyrifera 'Reflection'
Paper Birch, Canoe Birch, White Birch
zones 2b-6a
 
Description:   A Renaissance type Birch with a slender, pyramidal habit. Resistant to bronze birch borer.   Brilliant white bark color.  Green summer color turns to yellow fall color. Grows fast with a rate of 3-5 ft. per year.  May also be called 'Renaissance Reflection'
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 40-50'
Spread: 30-35'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Betula pendula 'Youngii'
European White Weeping Birch
zones 3a-6a
 
Description:  White barked branches are slender and perfectly pendulous. Trunk is contorted.  This tree is best in areas with moist, deep, loose soil and proper irrigation in times of drought.  Also bears very striking, white tinged bark.
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 12-15'
Spread: 15'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Betula platyphylla 'Whitespire'
Asian White Birch
zones 3b-6b
 
Description:  The chalky white non-exfoliating bark is marked with black triangles at the base of lateral braches.  Glossy dark green leaves turn yellow in fall.  The best borer resistant white   Makes a great accent near the corner of the house.
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; Yellow fall color
Height: 25-35'
Spread: 15-25'


Click on image to view larger size

 

 

Betula x 'Royal Frost'
Royal Frost Birch
zones
 
Description: This Birch has the best from both parents.  From 'Whitespire' it inherited beautiful white bark and resistance to the bronze birch borer.  From 'Crimson Frost' comes burgundy-red foliage.  The combination of two colors makes this an outstanding specimen tree.
Bloom Color: n/a (brown fruits)
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Burgundy-red
Height: 30-40'
Spread: 15-20'

 

 

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