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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

Beech
Fagus


Description:

A slow growing tree making one of the finest specimen trees of all available in North America.  There are reports of poisoning by people who have eaten the seeds.  Pollen can cause significant allergies.

 

Common Name: Beech
Botanical Name: Fagus sylvatica, Fagus grandiflora
Type: Deciduous Tree
Soil Preference: This plant tolerates some drought, ozone and a little salt.   Prefers well-drained, loamy, sandy or clay soils with a  pH of acidic to slightly alkaline (6.8-7.7)
Light
Requirements:
Full sun for sylvatica types, Full Sun to shade for grandiflora type
Attributes: pest tolerant
Pests: Aphid, borers, caterpillars, scale
Diseases: Usually none serious provided soil is not compacted and is well-drained.  Sometimes Powdery mildew is seen and causes a white coating on the leaves.

Care:

Only prune trees to remove broken twigs or disease infested branches.  Fertilize with Holly-tone approximately April 1st, May 20th, July 4th, August 15th & October 30th.  Keep granular fertilizers off foliage and away from stems and trunks.  Use 1/2 the recommended rate of fertilizer for new plantings.

Planting Instructions: Trees & Shrubs

Water & Fertilizer Schedule

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus grandiflora
American Beech
zones 4a-8a
 
Description:  A sturdy, slow growing, imposing tree of gray bark. A generous layer of mulch will help the tree root system develop to its fullest. Leaves often remain on the tree through the winter. Leaves and seeds are poisonous if ingested.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green, Copper and yellow fall color
Height: 50-75'
Spread: 50-70'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fagus sylvatica 'Asplenifolia'
Cut Leaf Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  Lower branches hang to the ground but can be pruned up.   Dark green summer leaves with a gold-bronze fall color.  Leaves are deeply lobed and finely cut giving the tree a lacy, feathery, ferny appearance.  Other plants will not grow well under this tree.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green, Copper fall color
Height: 50-70'
Spread: 35-45'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fagus sylvatica 'Aurea Pendula'
Golden Weeping Beech
zones 4-7
 
Description:  A slow growing, graceful, upright tree with pendulous branches and rich butter-yellow leaves in the spring which turn to green by summer.  Develops an extremely slender form, the individual branches hang down almost parallel to the main branch.  
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Yellow
Height: 8-10'
Spread: 2-3'


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan'
Black Swan Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  Dark purple, almost black-red leaves on a weeping tree of great beauty.  It forms a strong leader then weeps as gracefully as a swan's neck and all the branches weep straight down.  This is a very narrow tree.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Dark Purple/Red/Black
Height: 20' in 15 years
Spread: 3'


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck Gold'
Dawyck Gold Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  A tall, narrow, columnar tree with gold leaves in the spring turning light green in summer and golden yellow again in the fall.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Gold to Green
Height: 20' (15-20 years)
Spread: 3-4'


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula'
Green European Weeping Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  Lustrous dark green leaves and weeping habit.  Usually flowers in April to early May.  Does best in full sun but withstands shade.  One of the finest specimen trees!
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green, Copper fall color
Height: 35-50'
Spread: 35-50'


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea Pendula'
Purple Weeping European Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description: A weeping Beech with  dark purple foliage turning copper in fall.  Smaller than other Beech varieties.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Purple, Copper fall color
Height: 10-15'
Spread: 10-15'

 

Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Purple Fountain'
Purple Fountain Beech
zones 4-7
 
Description:  Excellent tree with cascading branches and dark, bronze/purple/green foliage.  Very similar to purple weeping beech but much more columnar in shape. Leaves turn more green throughout the summer.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Bronze/Purple/Green
Height: 20-25'
Spread: 10-15'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fagus sylvatica 'Red Obelisk'
Beech
zones 4-7
 
Description:  A tall, narrow tree with purple, dissected leaves.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Purple
Height: 40'
Spread: Narrow


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fagus sylvatica 'Riversii'
Riversii Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  This cultivar has deep purple leaves in spring that gradually turn green during the summer.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green and purple, Copper fall color
Height: 50-65'
Spread: 50-60'


Click on image to view larger size


Fagus sylvatica 'Spaethiana'
Spaethi Beech
zones 4-7
 
Description: Has the deepest and darkest long lasting   leaves of all the cultivars. Remains purple all summer.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Dark Purple
Height: 40'
Spread:


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor' ('Roseomarginata')
Tricolor European Beech
zones 4a-7a
 
Description:  Green leaves are marked white and edged pink.  Good spring growth.  Foliage will burn in hot sun or dry winds so choose a planting spot wisely.  Slowly grows to 25-40' but usually much less.
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green, pink, silvery and variegated; copper fall color
Height: 25-40'
Spread: 25-40'
 

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