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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

Sweet
Gum

Liquidambar styraciflua



 

Liquidambar styraciflua.jpg (25970 bytes)
 

 


Description:

Be sure not to prune your Sweet Gum in fall because the seeds of the species provide good food for wildlife including cardinals, morning doves, and blue jays!   The tree leafs out early in the spring and is occasionally damaged by frost.   Be careful when planting Sweetgum since its large, aggressive roots may lift curbs and sidewalks.

 

Common Name: Sweet Gum, American/Red Sweet Gum
Botanical Name: Liquidambar styraciflua
Type: Deciduous Tree
Soil Preference: Liquidambar tolerates some drought, occasional wetness and some salt and is sensitive to ozone.   It will also grow in dry to occasionally wet soil but prefers soil that is is well-drained, loamy, sandy or clay with a pH of acidic to slightly alkaline (6.8 - 7.7)
Light
Requirements:
Sun, Light Shade
Attributes: The seeds of the species provide good food for wildlife including cardinals, morning doves, and blue jays.
Pests: Bagworm, fall webworm, leaf miner, cottony-cushion scale, and tent caterpillars. Ambrosia beetle can attack even healthy trees; they tend to attack as trees emerge from dormancy.
Diseases: Trunk Canker, Bacterial Leaf Scorch.  No cure for either disease.  This tree is also sensitive to damge from ozone pollution.  Symptoms are flecking on the upper side of the leaves between the large veins.  The small spots or flecks are white, tan or orange-red.  If you suspect that pollution is damaging your tree, locate the nearest White Pines to see if they are damaged also.  White Pines serve as indicators of a high concentration of damaging ozone since they are very sensitive to it's damage. 

Care:

Prune after flowering if necessary.  Fertilize with Plant-tone or Holly-tone approximately April 1st, May 20th, July 4th, August 15th & October 30th.  Keep granular fertilizers off foliage and away from stems and trunks.  Use 1/2 the recommended rate of fertilizer for new plantings.

Planting Instructions: Trees & Shrubs

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size

 

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweet Gum
zones 5b-9b
 
Description: Dark, glossy green foliage turns yellow, red and orange in fall.  Pyramidal shape with shapely crown.
Bloom Color: none
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Dark Green
Height: 60-75'
Spread: 35-50'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Liquidambar styraciflua 'Rotundiloba'
Sweet Gum
zones 6b-9a
 
Description:  Unique foliage has rounded lobes, unlike other Sweetgums.   This handsome shade or street tree has a narrow form in youth, more rounded with age.  Fast growing and seedless.  Is a good choice for urban landscapes where the dropping fruit of the species would be a nuisance.
Bloom Color: none
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 40-50'
Spread: 25-30'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Liquidambar styraciflua 'Variegata'
Variegated Sweet Gum
zones 6-9
 
Description:  Variegated leaves of yellow and green.
Bloom Color: none
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Yellow and Green Variegated
Height: 25-30'
Spread: 15-20'
 

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