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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

ELM
Ulmus

Description:
Elms are adaptable to a wide variety of soil conditions and come in graceful, vase-shaped forms and a weeping form.  Elms prefer full sun and adapt easily to extremes in pH, moisture, wind and heat.   The aggressive roots can probably break sidewalks and raise pavement if trees are improperly located.

 

Common Name: Elm, American Elm, Hybrid Elm, American Elm, White Elm, Gray Elm, Water Elm
Botanical Name: Ulmus
Type: Deciduous Tree
Form: See individual plant descriptions
Soil Preference: Will tolerate drought, flooding, and very wet to very dry soils.  Prefers well-drained, sandy, loamy or clay soils with a pH of acidic to alkaline.
(less than 6.8-7.7)
Growth Rate: Fast, 12-18" per year
Light Requirements: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Attributes: 'Valley Forge' & 'Princeton' are Dutch Elm Disease resistant; 'Morton' is moderately resistant.
Pests: See individual plant descriptions below.
Diseases: See individual plant descriptions below.
Care: Fertilize with Holly-tone as recommended.

Planting Instructions: Trees & Shrubs
Water & Fertilizer Schedule

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size

Photo courtesy of
J. Frank Schmidt

Ulmus americana 'Jefferson'
Jefferson American Elm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  Deep green foliage and an upright vase shape with arching limbs.  Tested and shown to be Dutch Elm Disease tolerant.  Cloned in 1993 from an elm on the National Mall in Washington D.C. that has survived since the 1930s.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 70'
Spread: 50'


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Ulmus x 'Morton' ('Accolade')
Elm, Hybrid Elm
Zones 4a-6a (7)
 
Description: This is a Chicagoland Grows Inc. introduction and was selected from the collections of The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois for it's graceful, vase-shaped habit, vigorous growth rate, dark green glossy foliage, excellent disease and pest resistance, excellent drought tolerance and good yellow fall color. Insects & Diseases - Moderately resistant to Elm leaf beetle and Dutch Elm Disease.  Asian Longhorn Beetle, Japanese Beetle and Lacebugs may cause some problems.
Bloom Color: Green (inconspicuous)
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Glossy Green; yellow fall color
Height: 25-50'
Spread: 25-35'


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Ulmus americana 'Princeton'
American Elm, Gray Elm, White Elm
zones 3a-9a
 
Description:  This dense symmetrical upright Elm has dark green foliage which turns yellow in the fall. One of the best American Dutch Elms for resisting the attack of Dutch Elm Disease.  Developed by Princeton Nurseries in 1922 and planted in Princeton, NJ in the 1930s.  Insects & Diseases - Pests: Bark Beetle, Leaf Beetle, Elm Borer, Gypsy Moth, Mites, Scale & Asian Longhorn Beetle.   Disease: Phloem Necrosis, Leaf Spot, Bacterial Leaf Scorch, Canker.  Sensitive to sulfur dioxide air pollution.
Bloom Color: Green (inconspicuous)
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 75-90'
Spread: 50-60'


Click on image to view larger size



Ulmus americana 'Valley Forge'
American Elm, Gray Elm, White Elm
zones 5-7
 
Description:  'Valley Forge' has an upright, arching, broadly-vase-shaped structure with a full, dense leaf canopy.  This selection has proved to be the most resistant to Dutch Elm Disease.  It makes a great choice for urban sites, large yards, parks and as a street tree.  Introduced in 1966 by the National Arboretum.  Insects & Diseases: Bark beetle, leaf beetle, Elm borer, Gypsy Moth, mites, scale, Asian Longhorn Beetle.  Tolerates Dutch Elm Disease but phloem necrosis, leaf spot, bacterial leaf scorch and cankers may cause problems.
Bloom Color: Green (inconspicuous)
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 60-70'
Spread: 55-65'


Click on image to view larger size



Ulmus 'Camperdownii'
Scotch Elm, Table-top Scotch Elm
zones 5a-7a
 
Description:  A small, compact weeping tree that would make a nice accent in any garden.  The branches will eventually reach the ground. This variety will  tolerate drought and flooding. Grows 12-18" per year.  Insects & Diseases - Asian longhorn Beetle, Lacebugs
Bloom Color: Green (inconspicuous)
Bloom Time: Fall
Foliage Color: Green; yellow fall color
Height: 12-20'
Spread: 12-25'
 

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